When it comes to wolfdogs and phenotyping, we often talk about a thing called ‘single-tracking’ - a way of walking wherein the animal places its feet one right in front of the other.
The tracks produced by this style of walking make a line of prints (see bottom image), and while some dogs do single-track, it’s typically considered a wolf trait. Here, we can see Jude exhibiting his single-tracking.  naturepunk:

When it comes to wolfdogs and phenotyping, we often talk about a thing called ‘single-tracking’ - a way of walking wherein the animal places its feet one right in front of the other.
The tracks produced by this style of walking make a line of prints (see bottom image), and while some dogs do single-track, it’s typically considered a wolf trait. Here, we can see Jude exhibiting his single-tracking. 


When it comes to wolfdogs and phenotyping, we often talk about a thing called ‘single-tracking’ - a way of walking wherein the animal places its feet one right in front of the other.

The tracks produced by this style of walking make a line of prints (see bottom image), and while some dogs do single-track, it’s typically considered a wolf trait. Here, we can see Jude exhibiting his single-tracking. 

(via emwolfilie)








Force free dog training - no choke, no prong, no pain!

Okay listen. My dog’s mother was a Timberwolf mixed with a fuckin’ akita. Her father was a German Shepherd. She is strong willed to say the least and so strong that I couldn’t take her on walks. We were kicked out of 3 different puppy preschools and obedience training places and told she was untrainable. 

This was until we got a prong collar for her. It mimics what a mother dog does to her puppies when they are doing something wrong (bites the scruff) and she began walking on a leash perfectly and not overpowering me. We walked her with it for A WEEK and after that she does not pull at all and listens to commands. 

Also, anyone with a headstrong breed dog knows that you have to flip them over to assert dominance if they show any sort of aggression or negative behavior that you deem totally unacceptable. It’s the only way they know “oh I fucked up” because it’s what dogs do to each other. My pup is not abused. 

FORCED BASED TRAINERS ARE NOT FOR EVERYONE’S DOG, but for people that have strong willed and independent dogs, it’s the only thing that works when training a dog or breaking aggression.

It’s completely false that forced-based training is the only thing that works for “strong-willed” dogs or for “breaking aggression.”

Here’s just a couple of links on using positive reinforcement/force free training to curb aggressive behaviors and train high drive dogs:

(x) (x) (x) (x) (x) 

Importantly,  using force-based methods actually increases the risk for aggression and bites, compared to non-aversive methods.

Plus, there are a number of other downfalls to force-based training as well that need to be considered. 

Finally, the whole “asserting dominance” crap is completely bunk.  I have a whole tag on it, actually. It’s not founded in science, unlike operant conditioning, and it puts people at a higher risk for being bitten.

We literally tried EVERYTHING there is to avoid a pinch collar. EVERYTHING. We spent over $500 on specialists from New York to South Carolina and as far West as Illinois. We were told everything to “she needs to be a farm dog where she can just run free” to “she needs to be put down”. After using pinch collar training and what you call “crap” every time she showed signs of aggression or disobedience, she is the most loving, well behaved and sweet dog I could ask for. 

Once we were able to show her that she was to obey us, positive reinforcement training was used and now she listens better than most people. She’s happy and healthy and spoiled rotten and without forced-based training, she would have either been put down by the state or have run away by now. 

She shows NO signs of aggression, is wonderful with children and other dogs and cats and loves everyone. She doesn’t even hurt insects.

We’ve even taken her to the Naval Hospital to act as a therapy dog for Wounded soldiers and she’s been all over the country just loving life. 


You misunderstand me, I was not denying that you have a specific anecdotal experience.

I was pointing out that applying anecdotes as generalizations is dangerous and misleading. Which is why research studies, which control for variables that cannot be accounted for with anecdotal accounts, are invaluable in expanding our knowledge of canine behavior and dog training.

No, you called my training method “crap” and “bunk” and that what I said was false. 

Well, “dominance theory” is crap, based on what we currently know through science. That’s pretty universally accepted by veterinary behaviorists, which I have about a dozen articles on through the link I posted. Anecdotes do not change objective facts, because as I said before, there are far too many uncontrolled variables involved to make solid conclusions with that data alone. This doesn’t inherently invalidate all anecdotes, but it’s also the reason why generalizations (which is what you were making, and what I was addressing, in your first post) should be based predominantly on objective facts which can be scientifically tested and reviewed.

In other words, if you wanted to make an argument for why “dominance theory,” which is a falsifiable set of assertions about canine behavior, isn’t crap, you need to cite accredited current research which can prove, or at least suggest, that those assertions are in fact correct.

P.s. your dog has little to no wolf content.


beautyofgrea asked:

I saw that you posted some advice on a video on youtube, about raw feeding, and was curious if you would be willing to answer some questions. I just adopted an orphaned kitten a week ago and I want to get all my ducks in a row before she starts weening from formula to food.



It’s awesome you want to get her on raw food! So the most important thing is to get the right proportions of muscle vs. bone vs. organ into her. She can get right onto raw as soon as she’s looking to eat anything.

The proportions don’t have to be exact at every meal, but for a just-weened kit, you want to have it even out over the course of a week or so. Once she’s older (8-12 weeks) you can even it out over the course of a few weeks. You’ll need to get 80% muscle meat (heart counts as muscle) 10% bone, 5% liver and 5% other secreting organs.

As a kit, she won’t be able to rip and tear chunks of meat off of one big piece. So you’ll need to start by offering ground meat, or even pâté texture. When she’s readily eating the ground meat, you can start offering a soft meat like chicken breast. Make sure you offer big enough pieces that she’ll Have to use her teeth to tear off pieces. If you offer chunks too small, she may try to swallow them whole. Especially if she hasn’t built up strong jaw muscles yet. But when she is able to, it’s important to give her pieces of meat at least as large as her head to promote good use of her teeth.

For cats, taurine is important, and heart is a great source of that. So as long as you’re feeding heart 2-4 times a week as a muscle meat, she’ll get more than enough. And don’t worry about her getting too much, taurine is water-soluble and therefore any excess will be discarded in the urine.

For bone, as a kit, you can offer a ground meat with bone included. I get mine from a butcher and they have the approx. bone content listed. Another option is to put ground eggshells in the meat, as they are 100% digestible calcium. (Bone is preferable though.) small poultry bones like Cornish hen, quail or small chicken ribs and wings.

As for recreational bone, use very meaty bones that you can feed as a meal, and then take away the bone after she’s gotten most of the meat off. Rec bones really work out the jaw bones and clean the teeth like nobody’s business. Make sure the bone is big enough so your kit can’t get her mouth around the whole bone, so that she won’t be able to put the full strength of her jaw down on bone she won’t be able to crunch. (Usually this is a bigger issue with dogs rather than cats.)

Make sure you get enough variety into her diet as possible! Eventually (after 12 weeks or so) you can’t start feeding whole prey like (frozen) feeder mice, pinkies or chicks. Try to get the biggest variety of organs as well, as this is where almost all of the vital vitamins and minerals come from. Feed anything and everything you can find, from venison, to veal to plain chicken, to kangaroo.

The addition of green tripe is also very important. Green tripe is the unbleached stomach of a grazing animal. Beef tripe is probably the easiest to find, though any butcher shops don’t carry it because it’s not for human consumption. If you’re in the US, you can get it easily from an online supplier like Hare Today. Green tripe is the carnivore super food. It’s basically a complete food by itself. It’s packed with nutrients and is very important.

All in all, it does have a bit of a learning curve, but it’s well worth it. Once you get the hang of it, you can eyeball it, and it’s a matter of just taking a one-day portion out of the freezer at a time.

If you have any other questions, you can ask my pet blog petcentralstation or raw-fed-pets!

Reblogging here bc I answered this ask on my advice blog, and I figured it belongs here too!


Yawning is so contagious that even dogs have been known to yawn after seeing humans yawn. Just reading about yawning can cause a person to yawn. *Note: Most of you are either about to yawn, or already did. Source

Yawns aren’t actually contagious to dogs like they are to us. Yawns are an appeasement signal to dogs. It’s basically them saying either ‘okay you can stop stressing me out,’ or ‘I’m no threat.’ So if a dog yawns when you do, they’re just returning your calming signal.

  • What they say: My dog bites me out of nowhere.
  • What they mean: I stress out my dog and then punish or ignore her stress signals so her only option to get me to stop is to bite me.




Would You Rather…






Have a Weimaraner or a Vizsla?

A shelter dog, remember never support dog breeders guys!

This bothers me. Just…

Sorry for reblogging the hell out of this, people, but I needed to add a few things:

1) I like how you assume that I don’t have the experience of seeing healthy animals euthanized due to shelter overflow, because I have. I work at a vet which often deals with shelter animals, and I have seen euthanasia on a daily basis for more than a year now. I have to put dead animals in body bags, clean up the urine and feces that spill out of their orifices after they pass, and stuff them in a freezer until we can dispose of the remains, so I’m pretty damn hands on as far as euthanasia goes. It’s sad yes, but I can assure you I don’t feel guilty about it because there is no reason for me to feel so. Why should I? If I did not contribute to the problem and there was nothing I could do to solve it, why should I feel guilt? I have yet to hear a good reason for this.

2) Again, you are assuming that I, and other people who get dogs from breeders, are actually qualified to adopt an animal. I have tried to adopt several dogs from various shelters and organizations, but my applications were always rejected because my dog wasn’t neutered at the time, despite citing a valid medical reason and providing contact information for my vet so the organizations could verify this. I even cited two veterinarians as my personal references, but I still couldn’t adopt because according to those organizations, I was an irresponsible dog owner for not having my dog’s organs removed before it was safe to do so. I have heard from numerous other pet owners more or less the same story. So please, tell me more about how I am contributing to shelter pets dying by not adopting when I literally cannot adopt them. :I

Your post is absolutely dripping with pathos but there is little logos to be found….

So this is directed toward aliveagaintoday.

Here’s the thing though.. Adopting from a shelter as opposed to buying from a good breeder is Not going to bring down numbers in shelters at all. Literally, it wouldn’t help. The only thing that’s going to help is if people stop buying from backyard breeders and pet stores. Backyard breeders are who contribute to overpopulation, not responsible breeders. So unless somehow we introduce laws that put regulations on who can breed dogs and who can’t, then all we can do it stop buying from them.

stray dogs are also an issue, so the best we can do for them is to keep dogs on-lead at all times when not in dog parks (or unless they have a 100% recall) and neuter pets when they’re old enough so that if they ever escape they don’t come home either pregnant, or having impregnated another dog.

While yes, adopting wont hurt, it also won’t help the overall problem

Long story short, instead of telling people to adopt, tell them Not to support a bad breeder or puppy mill.






Have a Weimaraner or a Vizsla?

A shelter dog, remember never support dog breeders guys!

This bothers me. Just because you buy from a breeder doesn’t make you a bad person. The bad people are the ones who get a dog or dogs and they don’t have time to…

Ah but you are supporting dog breeding, rather than saving a life you are supporting bringing more unneeded pups into the world when there are thousands upon thousands of dogs being put down. You’re not a bad person, just ignorant. Shelter dogs don’t always have special needs, have you ever been to a pet adoption of looked on You could rescue a certain breed, or at least a mix of your breed you want so badly! Another amazing thing about shelter pups is most of the time you are told the animal doesn’t do well with kids/cats/other animals. You are also allowed to have a trail period with dogs and take them home to make sure they fit in comfortably with your lifestyle. Plus most of the time people are trying to make money off dogs and that is disgusting. PLEASE GIVE A SHELTER PUP A CHANCE AND SPAY AND NEUTER YOUR PET. 

Ah, so many buttons pushed all in one post! Let’s address a few things:

1) Responsible dog breeders don’t bring “unneeded” pups into the world. They do good work by working toward improving breed health and helping to preserve the breed. If there were no more dog breeders in the world, we would be left with no more dogs. Plus, you have to consider that some dogs are bred and raised for specific tasks that cannot be done by a shelter dog. Guide dogs for the blind, to name just one.

2) If I choose to get a dog from a breeder, it’s not my fault that other dogs die in shelters. It’s the fault of people who dumped them there. It’s ridiculous to try to blame responsible dog owners for the actions of other, irresponsible people.

3) You assume that people who get dogs from breeders are a) ignorant; b) have never considered adopting; and c) are actually able to adopt. These are not fair assumptions at all, and it’s not reasonable to make such wide-sweeping generalizations about a large group of people in this way. I don’t feel the need to go into a detailed rebuttal of this because these assumptions are so completely unfounded that they simply don’t warrant it. The burden of proof should be on you to show exactly why these things are true for every single person who decides to get a dog from a breeder, rather than taking it for granted.

4) Rescuing a specific breed or even a specific mix is actually pretty difficult if you’re looking for a rarer breed (aka any sighthound ever other than a Greyhound). Plus, if you’re really interested in “saving a life,” adopting a rarer purebred is out of the question because those dogs are very rarely at risk for euthanasia. Some are in such high demand that there are waiting lists for them and some rescues even import dogs from other countries in order to satisfy the demand (flying Galgos into the US from Spain to adopt them out is becoming more common, for example). Meanwhile, while only 30% of dogs surrendered to shelters are bully type dogs, 60% of dogs which are euthanized in the US are bully types. If the ultimate goal is saving lives, why would you support a rescue which spends thousands of dollars to import dogs from other countries to sell to adopters, rather than advocating for everyone to go and adopt a “pit bull,” a dog at actual risk for euthanasia, instead?

5) An amazing thing about getting a dog from a breeder is you know the animal’s genetic history and predisposition and are in control of its socialization and training from the very beginning. If you do your research it is actually more predictable than an adopted dog, whose history will often be largely unknown.

6) If you buy a dog from a responsible breeder, they will take the dog back at any time for any reason. Though I’m honestly not sure what your point is with the whole “trial period” thing anyway, because most shelters stipulate that the dog be returned to them if you can no longer keep it (which will happen to at least 1 in 5 dogs adopted out), making its entire life a “trial period” essentially.

7) Responsible breeders are never about the money. You’re thinking of puppy mills and backyard breeders, which are things that no responsible dog owners support. Once again, you are making a baseless assumption about a large group of people.

8) Screaming at people to spay and neuter their pets is stupid. Spaying and neutering actually has numerous, complex pros and cons which should be carefully considered by every pet owner, rather than needlessly removing your pet’s organs without a second thought. Speutering is not necessary to control pet overpopulation, as has been proved by countries where speutering dogs is illegal and yet the shelter pet population is nonexistent. Unfortunately, this is not up for debate with the vast majority of shelters and rescues in the US, who will refuse to adopt out to people with intact animals, even if the owners have valid reasons for abstaining from the procedure. In this case, it’s not so much about “saving lives” as it is about furthering a specific propaganda, and it’s dishonest to give the appearance that it’s solely about the former.

Let me be clear: I’m all for getting a dog from a shelter or rescue. But I’m also all for getting a dog from a responsible breeder, and holding the right people accountable for their irresponsibility rather than using emotional manipulation to sell your agenda. The whole rescue vs. breeder debate has needlessly become a bitterly divisive topic among animal lovers, which is ultimately to the detriment of animals everywhere.

Stop putting pinch collars on your baby dogs. You are going to ruin them and why would you even put that on a baby


Stop putting harsh collars on any dogs jfc this is not only abusive but also so fucking counterproductive like holy fuck even if you don’t care about the dog’s wellbeing there is literally no reason to do that ffs.